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对田汝康先生作的一次太迟的访谈  

2008-12-20 13:04:38|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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对田汝康先生作的一次太迟的访谈

 

 

这些天,与剑桥大学人类学家AlanMacFarlane教授通信甚多,得知他曾于对不该被我们忘记的人类学家田汝康先生作过一次访谈。访谈在田先生逝世前一年进行,太迟,田先生留下的叙述太少。特征得访谈者同意,发简录于此。该访谈留有摄像资料,存于剑桥大学。

 

有志于结合跨文化交流史与人类学民族志研究的青年学者,有必要先读田先生的论著。从一个局部看,他的著作,对于在Leach等人论述的基础上,拓展西南中国研究的视野,意义已很大。

 

 

 
  Tien Ju-Kang interviewed at hishome in Kunming, China, by Alan Macfarlane 20th October 2005,filmed by Xiaoxiao Yan

 

0:00:05 Born 1916 in Kunming; educated at Peking NormalUniversity until the Japanese invasion when I escaped back toKunming and went to South-West University; parents were merchantsin Kunming; had three brothers and four sisters; joined the army tofight the Japanese

0:03:00 Became an anthroplogist by chance; according toSouth-West University regulation every student, especiallyliterature students, had to take a literature paper; did it withFei Sha-tung who was in Kunming; said I should study Yunnan first;abandoned original subject which was comparative psychology; Feihad been at the L.S.E. but was not the reason I went there; [went1945] I was funded by the British Council

0:06:09 At L.S.E. supervised by Raymond Firth but he was not avery good supervisor; he lectured at lunch time to two students,Edmund Leach and I; Leach went to sleep; boring lectures; Lucy Mairvery kind; ever since I graduated from L.S.E. Leach and I kept intouch; thought his work original; I studied religious ceremonies inYunnan among the Dai peoples; got PhD and got a Colonial ResearchCouncil Scholarship and went to work in Sarawak on OverseasChinese; then came back to China to teach but changed subject

0:13:42 During the Cultural Revolution suffered as had openlycriticized the policy; was criminalized but then as I had interestin borders became a hero; first it was the Indian border then theRussian border; imprisoned as a criminal for two years; problemsbetween Russia and China changed everything; went to Cambridge in1979 and at that time did not want to go back to China; didn't feelthat Deng Xiao-Ping had done much and there are still problems

0:17:53 After Cambridge went to the U.S. and Japan among otherplaces; feels that China is now chaotic; thinks that murder hasincreased (his information from TV) for money; bribery hasincreased; before liberation 1945-49 China was peaceful; villageare better than the cities now

0:22:48 Advice to young people is to spend more time reading,trying to understand the world; not to spend time bothering aboutmoney; should like Chinese scholars to know more aboutanthropology; likes older anthropology books suchas  Frazer's 'Golden Bough', Rivers, but not Mead;Maurice Freedman didn't understand China; recommendsEvans-Pritchard's work on the Nuer; thought highly of L.S.E.;Harold Laski; Tawney's 'Land and Labour in China' an excellentbook; final thoughts on Chairman Mao

 

附1:田先生简介

 

田汝康,一九一六年生于云南昆明。一九三五年至一九三七年就读于北京师范大学,后因中日战争,才转入在昆明的国立西南联合大学求学。一九四零年毕业,获文学士学位。一九四五年远赴英国进入伦敦大学政治经济学院深造,一九四八年考获哲学博士学位。论文题目是《Religiouscults and social structure of the Shan states of Yunnan-Burmafrontier》毕业后,受英国殖民地社会科学研究理事会(Colonial Social Science ResearchCouncil)之委任前往砂拉越从事《砂拉越华人社会结构的研究》。田博士于一九四八年九月至一九四九年十月在砂拉越进行田野调查工作。这项调查报告书《AReport on the organisation of the Chinese community inSarawak》于一九五零年九月呈交砂拉越政府。这份报告书经修改后于一九五三年以专书出版,书名是《The Chinese ofSarawak : a study of socialstructure》由伦敦大学人类学系出版。一九九七年砂拉越研究资料中心再版。此书是最早一本有系统研究砂华人社会的专著。

田教授于一九五零年出任浙江大学人类学系教授。一九五二年起担任上海复旦大学历史系教授,博士生导师。六十年代至七十年代中在文化大革命时受屈辱。文化大革命结束后,他在学术上非常活跃。从一九七九年至一九九二年期间,他曾担任英国剑桥克莱尔学院客座研究员,澳大利亚国立大学太平洋研究院访问学者,日本京都大学东南亚研究所访问教授,荷兰莱顿大学汉学院访问教授,美国哈佛大学康乃尔大学,加州大学伯克利分校及普林斯顿大学东南亚研究访问教授。现任中国社会学学会副会长,中国华侨历史学会副会长,中国东南亚研究会顾问。田教授一生致力于海外华人的社会经济结构,中世纪中国航运史及中国云南省宗教之研究。主要著作有《TheChinese ofSarawak》《中国帆船贸易和对外关系史论集》及《十七——十九世纪中叶中国帆船在东南亚洲》等专著。又曾以中英文发表了《沙捞越华人三十年来的变迁》,《婆罗州客家公司》及《中国与胡椒贸易》等论文四十多篇。

田先生2006年7月20日逝世,年九十一。

 

附2:田先生主要著作

 

西文

1.Report on a survey of overcrowding in Kuching Sarawak :[s.n.],1949 HD7371.14  Tie csm
2. The Chinese of Sarawak : a study of social structure London :London School of Economics and Political Science, Dept. ofAnthropology, 1953DS600.82     Tie csm
3. The early history of the Chinese in Sarawak/by Tien Ju-Kang andBarbara E. Ward London : [s.n.],1956DS600.82    Tie.E csm
4. Moslem rebellion in China, a Yunnan controversy Canberra :Australian National University, 1981 - -
5.Religious cults of the Pai-i along the Burma-Yunnan borderIthaca, N.Y. : Southeast Asian Program, Cornell University, 1986BL2370      Shn.T ccs
6.Male anxiety and female chastity : a comparative study of Chineseethical values in Ming-Cjing times Leiden : Brill, 1988BJ117       Tie ccs
7.Peaks of faith : Protestant mission in revolutionary China Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1993 - -
8.The Chinese of Sarawak : a study of social structure/by Ju-KangTien ; with an introduction by Daniel Chew Kuching, Sarawak :Research & Resource Centre Committee, 1997DS600.82    Tiecsm

 

中文

十七——十九世纪中叶中国帆船在东南亚洲 上海:上海人民出版社,1957 -
中国帆船贸易和对外关系史论集 杭州:浙江人民出版社,1987 -


 

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